With the Sanskrit word mala indicates a rosary, or a crown composed of grains with the purpose of numbering the mantras, prayers and incantations and distributed to the religions originating in India.
Sanskrit is also:
# Aksamala which means "rosary consists of seeds" is in fact made of the Rudraksha, the sacred seeds.
# Japamala consists of japa "murmur" and bad "rosary prayers," then "rosary to murmur prayers."
Originating in India since at least the second century BC, when it was depicted in the frescoes of Ajanta Caves, the mala spread in all Asian countries that were influenced by the spread of Buddhism.
Usually the mala is of 108 grains (or multiples of 9), number applicant in Buddhist numerology and the various meanings, the mala can be made up of grains of various kinds: from the pearls to the sandalwood in India and human or painted yak bones in the Tibetan culture (our Mala).
The practice requires that the mala is used to maintain the calculation of recitations without distracting the mind from religious practice with a numerical calculation mental: at every recitation the right hand shells of an element of bad clockwise, thereby maintaining a relationship with the circumambulation solar, or hourly, the Stupa and with the same approach within Buddhist temples.